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Types of Psoriasis >>>
is the most prevalent form of this disorder, and is
characterized by raised, inflamed, scaly lesions. The scales
are formed by dead skin cells, while the inflammation is a
result of the increased blood supply to the areas of rapid
skin cell reproduction.
Raised and thickened patches of reddish skin, called
\93plaques,\94 which are covered by silvery-white scales.
Plaques most often appear on the elbows, knees, scalp,
chest, and lower back. However, they can appear anywhere on
the body, including the genitals.
Plaques vary in size and can appear as distinct patches or
join together to cover a large area.
the early stages, the psoriasis may be unnoticeable. The
skin may itch and/or a burning sensation may be present.
Plaque psoriasis usually first appears as small red bumps.
Bumps gradually enlarge, and scales form. While the top
scales flake off easily and often, scales below the surface
stick together. The small red bumps develop into plaques
(reddish areas of raised and thickened skin).
discomfort. The skin is dry and may be painful. Skin can
itch, burn, bleed, and crack. In severe cases, the
discomfort can make it difficult to sleep and focus on
Pustular psoriasis is
characterized by pustules ( Blisters ) on the skin. This type
of Psoriasis has three distinct phases reddening of the skin,
formation of pustules and Scaling of the skin. The Blisters
are caused by an infection, nor are they contagious
How to recognize generalized pustular psoriasis:
Widespread areas of fiery-red swollen skin covered with
small, white, pus-filled blisters
Person feels exhausted and ill
Guttate psoriasis produces small
red drop like lesions on the trunk, arms and legs often
accompanied by scaling.
- Drop-sized, red dots form \97
usually on the trunk, arms, and legs. Lesions occasionally
form on the scalp, face, and ears.
- Lesions widespread.
- Appears quickly, usually a
few days after a strep throat or other trigger, such as a
cold, tonsillitis, chicken pox, skin injury, or taking
- Can first appear as another
form of psoriasis, such as plaque psoriasis, and turn into
Inverse Psoriasis affects skin
folds such as the armpits and groin. It is characterized by
smooth, red inflamed lesions without any scaling which are
often irritated by rubbing or sweating.
and inflamed plaques that only occur in skin folds \97
armpits, in the genital area, between the buttocks, and
under the breasts.
usually does not form, and the lesions are shiny and smooth.
Lesion easily irritated, especially by rubbing and
prevalent in people who are overweight.
people have another type of psoriasis elsewhere on the body.
This form of psoriasis is characterized by thick scaly lesions
over bony portions and joints. Erythrodermic psoriasis can
cause severe swelling, pain and itching.
Severe redness and shedding of the skin that covers a large
portion of the body.
looks as if it has been burned.
Fluctuating body temperature, especially on very hot or cold
Accelerated heart rate due to increased blood flow to the
skin \97 can complicate heart disease and cause heart failure.
Severe itching and pain.
Palm planter Psoriasis
Psoriasis confined to
certain areas (localized), usually the palms and soles. This
is known as \93palm planter psoriasis.\94 Skin red, swollen, and
dotted with pus-filled lesions. Pus-filled lesions dry,
leaving behind brown dots and/or scale. Affected areas tender
and sore. Using hands or walking often painful.
About half of the Psoriasis
patients have scalp Psoriasis. Psoriasis occurring on the
scalp is usually starts in dandruff form and can be a plaque
This form of Psoriasis affects the
toenails and fingernails. Nail become thickned, pitted and
often yellowish or blueish in colour. They crumbles easily,
and often surrounded by inflammation and may also be detached.
Psoriasis can be accompanied by a
form of arthritis called Psoriatic Arthritis which causes
inflammation and swelling in the small joints of hands and
feet. Knees and elbows can also be involved. About 10 % of the
people with Psoriasis may suffer with psoriatic arthritis.
Anyone who has psoriasis and joint pain may have psoriatic
arthritis. The signs and symptoms of psoriatic arthritis are:
- The red, inflamed skin of
- Pain and swelling in the
joints that is worse in the morning or after rest. Stiffness
lessens with activity.
- Sausage-like appearance in
the affected fingers and toes (in severe cases.)
Pitting (small indentations on the nail) or the nails may be
pulling away from the nail beds. Nails may have ridges or a
Psoriasis Can Change
While most people develop one type of psoriasis, but it
has been found that patients can get simultaneously more than one
type of psoriasis:
Abruptly stopping a psoriasis medication, such as
cyclosporine or methotrexate, is one such trigger that may cause
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